Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is an Indian government’s central recruiting agency that conducts all India civil services exams and takes care of the appointments for group A and group B central services. UPSC was first formed on October 1st, 1926. The commission works on the rules mandated by the Indian constitution for the appointments of all India services.
UPSC first started off under the name of Federal Public Service Commission, which was later changed to Union Public Service Commission after Independence. UPSC is headquartered in New Delhi. UPSC reports to President of India and the appointments of chairman and other members of the commission are made by the president himself. President of India holds the power of appointing and removing any member of the Union Public Service Commission. Members and the chairperson who holds the posts will be changed every six years. Any person who will be in the central services posts will be selected to be a member of the commission. All India Services exams are conducted under the supervisions of Union Public Service Commission.
All India Services consists of all the civil services of India which include IAS, IFS, IPS and IFoS which is abbreviated as Indian Administrative Service, Indian Foreign Service, Indian Forest Service, and Indian Public Service respectively. All the members who clear UPSC are recruited by the centre and are placed under various states cadres. Selected pupils are able to work under both state and central government. All the services work under different ministries. IAS officers work under the Ministries of Personnel, Public and Pensions. IFoS works under the ministries of environment, forest and climate change and IPS works under the ministries of Home Affairs. All these posts are filled up by the people who clear civil services exam conducted by the UPSC. Recruited officers are trained by the central government and allotted to different states once their training is done. Work and responsibilities vary with the post. People get senior posts with their experience in the field and on the basis of their work.
Indian Administrative Service Officers (IAS) are trained to handle various governments’ affairs. Every candidate is assigned with the responsibility in different departments to handle different government assignments. They start off their career as junior-level officers in the district level for two years. After 2 years at the junior level, they’ll be posted as seniors. With time, they’ll be promoted to senior posts such as commissioner, financial secretary and many more. Indian Forest Services (IFoS)was formed in 1966 for conservation, protection and regeneration of forest resources in India. After being appointed as the probation officer, they’ll be taking charge as a divisional forest officer and will be posted in any of the forest regions in India. IFoS officers will receive tough training so that they should be capable of surviving any terrain of Indian forests. They also get to work in various national and international organisations that are integrated with forest and wildlife management. Indian Forest Service officers are responsible for handling forests and wildlife all over India.
Indian Police Service (IPS) is responsible for public safety, internal security and maintain law and order in the country. Indian Police Service was first called as Imperial Police by the British before independence. A year after independence, it was renamed and made one single agency under which all senior police officers come. IPS officers get senior posts in the police department according to the seniority and the years of experience they carry. Indian Police Service is one of the toughest jobs in the country other than the army as they are the ones who are in charge of all law enforcement. Some of the posts such as Superintendent of Police, Deputy Commissioner of Police, Commissioner of Police, Inspector General of Police, and Director General of Police are designated for IPS officers. IPS officers also get to work in various government organisations such as the Central Bureau of Intelligence (CBI), Central Investigation Department (CID), Research and Analysis Wing, special branch etc. They can also get to be in charge of different government and public sector companies. With the experience, IPS officers can also get to be part of international organisations such as Interpol, United Nations as High Commissioner and Ambassadors.
Indian Foreign Service (IFS) officers get to be diplomats and ambassadors for different countries that India has ties with. IFS officers selected are to be the best of the best among those who write civil services exams. With only 0.02 percentage of acceptance rate, IFS is said to be called as ‘Heaven Borne Service’. Annually, only 10 to 15 people are selected to be part of IFS. IFS officers will also be in charge of maintaining good foreign policy with other countries and they are also in charge of the missions that will be carried out in foreign countries. They handle the posts of High Commissioner, Ambassador, representative of India in United Nations, Foreign Secretary etc.
Civil services are said to be the best government jobs as all the facilities required will be provided by the government and civil service officers are the highest paid government officers. Out of lakhs of people who write the exam, only thousands get to clear the exams and out of which most of them are filtered out in the interview round.
Most of the people want to be Civil service officers as they get all the amenities and facilities by the government which some can just imagine and the best part is that they get paid the highest pensions than all other government officials. These things make most of the Indians to go for civil services. But with power, also comes the responsibility in which they also get to face life-threatening situations for which they should be ready for.